Plant and Animal Cells

Animal cell:

  • Cell membrane – controls what enters and leaves the cell, e.g. oxygen, carbon dioxide, glucose
  • Nucleus – contains DNA, instructions for the cell
  • Cytoplasm – fills the cell, reactions take place here
  • Mitochondria – where respiration takes place, releasing energy for the cell
  • Ribosomes – the site of protein synthesis


Plant cell:

  • Cell membrane
  • Nucleus
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
  • Cell wall – made of cellulose, tough to help the cell support its shape
  • Central vacuole – contains cell sap to help keep the cell rigid
  • Chloroplasts – where photosynthesis takes place to make food for the cell
  • Ribosomes