TOP

5.8.15 – The effects of drugs on synaptic transmissions

Drugs that affect synapses can drastically alter the functioning of the brain;

 

MDMA:

 

Active ingredient in ecstasy. This binds to protein pumps on the pre-synaptic membrane of nerves that secrete serotonin. The pumps would normally take serotonin up after it had been released, therefore reducing firing in post-synaptic nerves. BUT, when these channels are blocked, serotonin builds up in the cleft,  giving greater post-synaptic activation and a sense of euphoria.

L-Dopa:

 

This is a precursor of dopamine. When given to Parkinson’s sufferers it is turned into dopamine, which helps alleviate some of the symptoms of the disease.