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PHOTOSYNTHESIS KEY WORDS

PHOTOSYNTHESIS KEY WORDS

  • Phospohorylation: Adding phosphate to a molecule (ADP is phosphorylated into ATP)
  • Photophosphorylation: Adding of a phosphate molecule using light
  • Photolysis: Splitting of a molecule using light
  • Hydrolysis: Splitting of a molecule using water (ATP hydrolysed to ADP)
  • Redox reactions: Involve oxidation (losing electrons) and reduction (gaining electrons)

 

Chloroplasts are adapted for photosynthesis because thylakoids have a large surface area so more light can be absorbed. Stroma contains the enzymes needed for light independent reactions and the chloroplast envelops keeps reactants close to reaction sites.