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Reducing Risk

REDUCING RISK

A person’s risk of developing coronary heart disease can be reduced by:

DIET

  • should be energy balanced
  • reduced cholesterol, saturated fats and salt
  • more polyunsaturated fats, including omega-3 fatty acids found in oily fish
  • more fruit and vegetables containing soluble fibre and antioxidants
  • include food with added sterols and stanols (saturated plant compounds which reduce cholesterol)

EXERCISE

  • A person who is physically active is much more likely to survive a heart attack or stroke.

STOP SMOKING

  • After stopping, the risk of CHD is almost halved after one year.

CONTROLLING BLOOD PRESSURE

  • Can be achieved by changes in lifestyle and diet,
  • Drugs such as antihypertensive and blockers can be used.