A person’s risk of developing coronary heart disease can be reduced by:
- should be energy balanced
- reduced cholesterol, saturated fats and salt
- more polyunsaturated fats, including omega-3 fatty acids found in oily fish
- more fruit and vegetables containing soluble fibre and antioxidants
- include food with added sterols and stanols (saturated plant compounds which reduce cholesterol)
- A person who is physically active is much more likely to survive a heart attack or stroke.
- After stopping, the risk of CHD is almost halved after one year.
CONTROLLING BLOOD PRESSURE
- Can be achieved by changes in lifestyle and diet,
- Drugs such as antihypertensive and blockers can be used.