In order to test theories, data needs to be collected to prove or disprove it. Scientists within the scientific community accept evolution as there is evidence to make it reliable and valid.
Scientists validate data in 3 ways:
- Scientific journals – scientists publish articles describing their work – share ideas, theories, experiments, evidence and conclusions. Allows others to replicate experiments with the same method. If results are replicated repeatedly, the scientific community can be relatively confident in the reliability
- Peer review – other specialised scientists anonymously assess and review the work in attempt to validate published research
- Conferences – meeting scientists attend to discuss each others work, share ideas